Pellets are type of a solid fuel produced from wood waste in the production or processing of wood products. The production of pellets involves several stages: grinding of wood, drying, fine grinding, pressing, cooling and packaging or storage, such as the usage of dry wood. It may also be necessary to add water to the wood pellet. Pellets can be made from the combination of different types of wood (beech, pine, oak, etc.).
The production itself and the fact, that they are produced from waste materials, makes them environmentally friendly in order to save nature (no more cutting wood for their production). Furthermore, pellets are made by other materials such as straw, sunflowers (the waste materials from oil production) and etc. The advantages of using pellets are the feeling of natural heat, as well as the cleanness and the comfort of using electricity. Burners, fireplaces or stoves are used with fully automated lighting, refueling and waste service.
The room, where the fireplace is located, is almost indistinguishable from the other clean rooms (there is no smell, no dust, no excessive warming). However, there are some conditions of the usage of pellets: space for pellet storage and periodic refueling. The characteristics of the pellets depend on their calorific value, composition, size and humidity. The size varies from small cylindrical particles sized 2-5 cm and diameter 0.5-1 cm.
The pellets are separated in several classes and subclasses:
- Class A - the highest class of pure wood (homogeneous or mixture) with high calorific value, low residual ash after usage, low levels of pollution and harmful gases.
- Class B - a lower class of mixtures (barkс or other substances) with lower calorific value and more ash after usage, as well as higher levels of pollution and harmful gases.
Often, sales include 15kg bags. Prices vary from the price per bag and kilogram to the price per ton.
Naturpan pellets are class A guaranteed.